Knee conditions

Knee conditions

Dr Jason Ward provides assessment and treatment for all knee conditions in his rooms across Adelaide and South Australia. Contact his clinics to book an appointment.


There are many knee conditions that an orthopaedic surgeon may encounter.


Here is a non-exhaustive list of some of the most common ones.

Knee conditions

Common knee conditions in Adelaide


This is a degenerative joint disease that occurs when the cartilage that cushions the ends of bones in the knee wears down over time. 

Patellar tracking disorder

This occurs when the patella does not move smoothly in its groove in the knee joint, causing pain and instability. 

Patellar tendinitis

This is an inflammation of the tendon that connects the kneecap (patella) to the shinbone (tibia). 


This is an inflammation of the bursae, small fluid-filled sacs that cushion the knee joint. 

Chondromalacia patella

This is a condition in which the cartilage on the under-surface of the kneecap softens and wears away, causing pain and stiffness. 

Knee bony fractures

Traumatic injuries to the knee joint can cause fractures of the patella, tibial plateau, femur, or fibula. 

Knee dislocation

A traumatic injury to the knee can cause the bones to move out of alignment, causing a knee dislocation. 


This is an inflammation of the synovial membrane that lines the joint, causing pain and swelling. 

Rheumatoid arthritis

This is a chronic inflammatory disorder that affects the lining of the joints, including the knee joint. 

Ligament tear

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), medial collateral ligament (MCL), and lateral collateral ligament (LCL) are all important ligaments that help stabilise the knee joint. Tears can occur due to trauma or sports injuries. 

Meniscal tear

The meniscus is a C-shaped piece of cartilage that cushions and stabilises the knee joint. Tears can occur due to trauma or wear and tear. 


This is a form of arthritis that occurs when uric acid crystals build up in the joint, causing inflammation and pain. 

Osgood-Schlatter disease

This is a condition that affects young athletes and causes pain and swelling below the knee, where the patellar tendon attaches to the tibia. 


This is a condition in which the blood supply to the bone is disrupted, causing the bone tissue to die. 

Osteochondritis dissecans

This is a condition in which a piece of cartilage and underlying bone become detached from the knee joint, causing pain and stiffness. 

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